World Environment Day (WED) is held each year on June 5. It is one of the principal vehicles through which the United Nations (UN) stimulates worldwide awareness of the environment and enhances political attention and action.
World Environment Day was designated by the UN General Assembly in 1972 on the first day of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment, resulting from discussions on the integration of human interactions and the environment. It was established by the United Nations General Assembly in 1972 to mark the opening of the Stockholm Conference on the Human Environment. Another resolution, adopted by the General Assembly the same day, led to the creation of UNEP. Two years later, in 1974 the first WED was held with the theme "Only One Earth.” Even though WED celebrations have been held annually since 1974, in 1987 the idea for rotating the center of these activities through selecting different host countries began.
It is commemorated with an international exposition through the week of June 5.
What Do People Do?
World Environment Day is celebrated in many ways in countries such as Kenya, New Zealand, Poland, Spain and the United States. Activities include street rallies and parades, as well as concerts, tree planting, and clean-up campaigns. In many countries, this annual event is used to enhance political attention and action towards improving the environment. This observance also provides an opportunity to sign or ratify international environmental conventions.
Individuals and organizations are encouraged to add activities related to the environment for saving it and also motivate the people for taking initiative toward it.
The main colors featured in many promotions for this event are natural colors depicting nature, the Earth and its natural resources. These colors are often softer shades of green, brown and blue. Images of natural the Earth's features, such as snowy mountains, clean beaches, unpolluted rivers, and photos of natural flora and fauna, including fern leaves, are used to promote campaigns supporting the day.
For the last four decades, World Environment Day has been raising awareness, supporting action, and driving change. It is the principal vehicle of the United Nation for encouraging worldwide awareness and action for the protection of our environment. It has been a flagship campaign for raising awareness on emerging environmental issues from marine pollution and global warming, to sustainable consumption and wildlife crime. WED has grown to become a global platform for public outreach, with participation from over 143 countries annually. Each year, WED has a new theme that major corporations, NGs, communities, governments and celebrities worldwide adopt to advocate environmental causes.
The theme for 2017 is 'Connecting People to Nature – in the city and on the land, from the poles to the equator'. The host country is Canada.
Sources: www.un.org, Wikipedia