Africa is a highly patriarchal country. Men exert broad control over the lives of women who are less educated and have severely limited access to health and social services. Women work far longer hours than men and are virtually responsible for all housework and child care, as well as hours of income-earning work, especially farming. Clothing symbolizes religious affiliation, wealth, and social standing. Diets vary regionally and between the city and the villages. In the northern region grain-based dishes such as tuwo da meya, a thick sorghum porridge are eaten with spicy, vegetable-based sauces. Root crops such as pounded yam and gari (a granular product made from cassava) is eaten in the southern region. Africans are avid sports fans and participants, especially the youth, in their much loved game of soccer (known as football). Pidgin English is used as a method of communication by people whose native languages are different and is a mixture of languages. English as a “lingua franca” (ELF) involves the teaching, learning, and use of the English language as a common means of communication for speakers of different national languages.
The capital city of the Federal Republic of Nigeria is Abuja, with a population of 177.5 million. Nigeria became independent of British control October, 1, 1960. The first, elected civilian government was in May, 1999, following fifteen years of military rule. Nigeria consists of 36 administrative divisions (states) and one federal capital territory. It is located in Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon. Terrain ranges from the southern coastal swamps to tropical rain forests, open woodlands, grasslands, and semi-desert in the far north. There are 374 pure ethnic stocks: Hausa-Fulani, Lago and Yoruba are the largest. English is the official language. Hausa, Igbo, Yoruba are also spoken along with other languages. The literacy rate is 39 percent to 51 percent.
The belief system, values, practices, and customs of a culture can only evolve through the education, healthcare, economic and social stability of children’s young minds. Tragically, these children are often the collateral damage before change can get a foot hold.
The author became inspired to write this work while interviewing African women regarding how they came to the United States, their motivation, their hopes and dreams, how they have managed to survive, as well as the quality of their survival. From these accounts, the author has written a fictional account of one African woman based on the details gathered in the interviews so that the work reflects an accurate and true picture of the realities in Africa and in particular, Nigeria. The author’s passion and mission to promote global rights for women arose from the courageous stories of these women who freely shared their journeys of survival and the atrocities thrust upon them. The poignancy of their stories demanded their voices be heard and acknowledged, thereby imploring the world to take decisive action. Chronicles is the embodiment of all women globally who have or continue to suffer due to antiquated cultures, belief systems, and practices, providing the truth as to the urgency and necessity to educate the world.
The work is both haunting and inspiring.
- Freedom to be whom they want to be
- Freedom to the shepherd of their own lives
- Freedom from abuse and fear
- Freedom to be human beings and not property
- Freedom to live
- Freedom to change the world even if it means starting over in a totally, new, unfamiliar country.